Food Prices up 4.1% For 2015 in Canada

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To the surprise of absolutely no one in Canada who has walked into a grocery store lately, Stats Canada announced on Friday that the Inflation rate (year over year) for December 2015 (and thus effectively the year 2015) rate of inflation was 1.6%, which seems gosh darn just grand, but as usual this smelly onion’s aroma is only divulged as you look deeper in the layers of the numbers published.

Cauliflower” by User Anthony DiPierro on en.wikipedia – Licensed under Public Domain via Commons

As we can see from this simple graphic, the numbers are a little cock-eyed if you look a little closer to the details of the report. In the gory details of the report you find a much richer explanation of what is going on in terms of the price of food:

Consumers paid 3.7% more for food in December compared with the same month a year earlier. Prices for food purchased from stores were up 4.1% year over year in December, following a 3.7% increase the previous month. The acceleration was mainly attributable to the fresh vegetables and fresh fruit indexes, which rose more on a year-over-year basis in December than in the previous month. In contrast, the meat index increased less in the 12 months to December (+2.4%) than in November (+3.9%). Prices for food purchased from restaurants rose 2.8% year over year in December, matching the increase in November.

A more detailed part of the report goes into even more interesting details:

Main contributors to the 12-month change in the CPI:

Main upward contributors:

  1. Purchase of passenger vehicles (+3.1%)
  2. Fresh vegetables (+13.3%)
  3. Homeowners’ home and mortgage insurance (+8.9%)
  4. Fresh fruit (+13.2%)
  5. Electricity (+3.8%)

Main downward contributors:

  1. Gasoline (-4.8%)
  2. Natural gas (-12.9%)
  3. Telephone services (-2.5%)
  4. Mortgage interest cost (-1.3%)
  5. Fuel oil (-16.8%)

Hence all of the discussions about the head of Cauliflower costing $8 in some places? The serious part of this, is that homeless shelters and similar services are now having problems with their food budgets for the winter. The fact that home and mortgage insurance rates are spiking is another interesting issue that not many folks are talking about?

Bank of Canada’s core index

Remember that the Bank of Canada’s measure of inflation is a bit different, and as they are the ones that might raise interest rates in response to any inflationary spirals, we should check what they think about inflation.

The Bank of Canada’s core index was up 1.9% in the 12 months to December, following a 2.0% rise in November.

Reports from Previous Months in 2015

If you want to have a walk down memory lane about how prices have been going up, here you go.


{ 3 comments… add one }
  • cannew February 2, 2016, 9:39 PM

    Like you say, who’s really surprised. What happens is everyone knows they are paying more for basics, including Insurance, Health cost, including Blue Cross, even gas. When oil prices rise watch how fast the price rises and compare it to how slowly it has dropped.
    Options: Complain, Cut spending, or have your investments in Dividend Growth stocks.
    My dividends rose 10.94% last year and 16% the year before, so I can still afford the increases. Guranteed, No but my dividends are well above my spending needs.

  • BRS January 25, 2016, 11:07 AM

    The price of food is up. Jobs are getting cut. The wages are not increasing to keep up the inflation. Many families are struggling to keep up. Last week my spouse lost job. Still waiting for the ROE to finish applying to the EI program. That pushed us from the middle class to below poverty line. I am optimistic that this is temporary. If we weren’t living frugally, it was going to be really really hard.
    We are buying only low cost and on sale items. Have you ever been in our position?

    • bigcajunman January 25, 2016, 12:30 PM

      I was laid off for an entire year, so I can sympathize.


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